SS La Bourgogne
La Bourgogne lies 69 miles south of Sable Island, Nova Scotia the underwater ledge of the North American continental shelf. The wreck is unreachable by technical diving and can only be seen through ROVs or manned submersibles. The exact orientation, condition and position of the iron hulled wreck is unknown.
~ GPS Shipwreck Location ~
Latitude: 42° 55' 41.4012" N Longitude: -59° 55' 0.5016" W
The La Bourgogne was built in 1885 at the Société Nouvelles de Forges et Chantiers de Médditerranée in La Seyne-sur-Mer, France for the Compagnie Generale Transatlantique better known as the French Line. She was a sleek looking ocean liner with four auxiliary sail rigged masts and twin funnels. La Bourgogne like many other passenger ships of the era, was constructed of an iron hull and wood superstructure, propelled by a single screw propeller. Her maiden voyage from Le Havre, France to New York City was in 1886.
On July 3, 1898, at the height of the Spanish-American War, La Bourgogne left New York City for what would be the last time. She would never make it to Le Havre. About 5:00 AM in the early morning of July 4, 1898, La Bourgogne, shrouded in dense fog and pitch black darkness was passing south of Sable Island in Nova Scotia at full speed, when she was rammed by the British sailing vessel Cromartyshire. The damage from the resulting collision destroyed several starboard lifeboats and punctured a number of the compartments on La Bourgogne's side. The bow of the Cromartyshire was destroyed. The La Bourgogne passed the Cromartyshire but soon began sinking. Before the dawn would arrive, La Bourgogne would become a terrible tragedy of horror and cowardice causing huge outrage and disgust across the United States.
The Cromartyshire originally percieved itself to be in danger. Her 21 man crew observed flares and audible whistle blasts coming from La Bourgogne. Captain Henderson aboard the Cromartyshire believed La Bourgogne was offering assistance. A half hour later, the fog rescinded enough to show a horrifying scene. The La Bourgogne was sinking fast and hundreds were still aboard the ship. The crew of the La Bourgogne was escaping in the lifeboats leaving the passengers behind to succumb to a terrible fate. Crewmembers were beating passengers with fists knives and oars brutally to keep them away from the lifeboats. A half hour later, the La Bourgogne listed completely to port and sank by the stern taking with her almost every woman and every single child.
In the aftermath of the sinking, it was said hundreds of dead bodies floated up from the now sunken ship. Hundreds were left in the water, holding on to dear life in freezing winter temperatures of the north Atlantic. Most awaiting rescue died of hypothermia. The crew of the Cromartyshire began to rescue all possible survivors. In the end, their efforts saved less than 70 of the 506 pasengers aboard, where half the crew had survived the disaster. As many passengers were American, the news soon spread around the world and caused massive outrage in the United States public and press, disgusted and horrified by the reported actions of La Bourgogne's crew from surviving passengers. The "Kansas City Journal" went as far as to decry the French crew as demons. Making matters worse, French authorities covered up the investigation further outraging the American public.
It is most likely that the wreck of La Bourgogne has never been found. She lies in deep water over two miles below the surface, southwest of the final resting place of the RMS Titanic.
Due to either more famous maritime disasters, the more prevalent Spanish American War or the French coverup, the La Bourgogne remains a greatly unknown and unheard of disaster, despite the heavy causualties and massive drama surrounding her sinking. The means of her sinking, collision in dense fog, is sadly not uncommon. Similar disasters lead to the sinking of the American passenger steamships Columbia and San Juan on the eastern Pacific coastline as well as the loss of the British ocean liner Utopia near Gibraltar. Previously, the American ocean liner Arctic was lost in 1858 to the same cause in the same area of La Bourgogne, killing hundreds. The most recent disaster to fog is the Italian liner Andrea Doria off Massachusetts in 1956.